What is Introspection and Why is It So Important

Do you often turn to books or podcasts to find the answers to some of your questions about finding happiness or being successful?

A girl staying in front of the mirror and introspecting

What if the answers lay within yourself?

Sure, self-help books and other resources can help you learn from others’ experiences and give you some precious tools to overcome challenges.

Yet, knowing yourself through introspection is the key to self-improvement and the first step on the path to a happy and well-lived life.

But what is introspection? Why is it important? How can you practice self-introspection?

This is exactly what you’ll learn in this blog post.

What is Introspection

Introspection is the process of looking inwards to examine your thoughts and emotions and being present to the thoughts or emotions that arise.

Practicing introspection allows you to reflect on your experiences and actions, analyze your past and current mental state, and better understand your inner self.

Even though it might sound complicated, it’s a process many of us go through every day without even realizing it.

That’s right.

Whenever you stop to reflect on your thoughts, actions, experiences, desires, or motives in life, you practice introspection.

But the term is also used in psychology to describe a more formalized, structured, and rigorous approach to analyzing our thoughts, emotions, and feelings.

What is Introspection in Psychology

Wilhelm Wundt, known as the father of experimental psychology, dedicated his life to studying the human mind to better understand its inner workings. And to do so, he used a scientific method he called introspection. He referred to it as the self-observation of our thoughts. During his experiments, instead of asking his subjects to reflect on what had happened in the past, the introspection process was carried out in the present moment.

The participants were presented with a stimulus such as the sound of a bell and after hearing it would then inspect their own thoughts. And as they were going through the process, they would report back on the thoughts, emotions, and sensations that resulted from the sound of the bell (or other stimulus used). The subjects had to observe their mental processes without judgment and be completely transparent when reporting back.

The famous Psychologist would then compare all the participants’ answers to see what was similar and what was different.

The idea behind Wundt’s introspection in psychology experiment was to observe how the mind processes emotions and thoughts and uncover their meanings. According to him, examining what processes and activities occurred as his subjects experienced the world around them would eventually allow people to master their emotions and gain a sense of fulfillment and purpose.

Some argued that this study wasn’t scientific, as asking subjects to report on their own thoughts through self-observation is a subjective exercise and isn’t based on observable behaviors. Nonetheless, Wundt set the starting point for the future of Psychology as a discipline.

The Benefits of Introspection

Allows You to Identify Negative Patterns

Perhaps you keep delaying doing your admin at work which negatively impacts your projects and hinders your progress. Or perhaps you keep justifying a friend’s toxic behavior, which affects your mental health.

Practicing self-reflection allows you to identify patterns in your life and understand how and why they impact you. And once you’ve identified negative patterns and established their causes, you can set a plan of action to stop repeating them.

Keeps You Focused on the Bigger Picture

Let’s imagine you’re studying for a difficult exam. It’s your last one, but it’s also challenging. You’ve spent days and nights studying. You’re exhausted, and you still have so much more to learn before the big day that you feel anxious and frustrated. But the reality is that you won’t get your dream job without passing this exam. When we don’t have clarity on why we do the things we do, daily tasks can feel meaningless and become frustrating.


Looking inwards will remind you of your overall goals and keep you focused on the prize!

Helps You Overcome Your Fears

Every individual has fear in their life. There is a greater likelihood of mistakes when we hurry for the objective, removing everything in our route.

  • What are you most scared of?
  • Rejection?
  • Failure?
  • Change?
  • Disappointing your loved ones?

Whatever the case, introspection will allow you to admit your fears to yourself and work on the best way to overcome them. Sure, it will take time, and it might be a trial and error process, but looking inwards is the only way to understand what scares you and prevents you from achieving your goals and living a happy life.

Self-Introspection Practices

Looking inwards will allow you to connect with your inner being, improve your sense of self and gain insights into your feelings and behavior. And this, in turn, will help you build better and stronger relationships, make more informed decisions and achieve your goals in life.

And while casually practicing self-reflection on your way to the grocery store or as you wait for the lift at work is a great start, some self-reflection techniques can help you amplify the positive effects self-introspection can have on your well-being.

Asking Yourself Empowering Questions to Prompt Self-Reflection

If you feel overwhelmed and don’t know where to start to better understand your inner self and uncover your motivation in life, writing down pre-planned questions can help. Having pre-planned questions will also allow you to easily incorporate self-reflection into your daily routine.

Here are some prompts and questions to help jump-start the self-reflection process:


Journaling (free writing in particular) allows you to express your feelings and emotions and write about your personal and professional experiences. Once everything that was in your brain is on paper, you can reflect on what you wrote to identify patterns and gain clarity about your life.

Perhaps you’ll notice that specific words, people, or situations trigger certain unwanted behaviors. We suggest using journal ideas on self-introspection. Choose one or more of these questions, and then allow yourself to write freely about them without feeling pressured or criticized. The objective is just to explore what you can discover about yourself and your self-care practices.

  1. What makes you feel powerful?
  2. What makes you feel calm?
  3. What makes you feel in control?
  4. How do you encourage yourself to try something new?
  5. What do you choose during the week based on your needs?

By writing down what you experience and how you feel as you do so, you’ll be able to set a plan of action to better manage your emotions and actions in the future and achieve your goals.


Meditation is the process of noticing your thoughts or observing what’s around you without judgment. You’re not trying to analyze your thoughts or surroundings when meditating. You’re simply observing them.

Meditation requires you to be in the present and be fully engaged with what you’re doing right now. And as such, it allows you to spend time with yourself, understand your full potential, release negative thoughts and feelings and break down mental barriers.

Self-Introspection is a Key to Better Understanding Yourself

Knowing your personality implies being more self-aware. You are also aware of your views and beliefs, connections, and values. We hope this article will help you on your journey to self-reflection. Taking a few minutes a day to self-reflect can lead to a happier, more meaningful, and more productive life, so make sure to incorporate introspection into your self-care routine using the practices we’ve shared above.